Bugac

5.8% of the forests managed by Bugac Forestry Management Unit lie within the area of the Kiskunság National Park. Almost two-thirds of these forests are strictly protected and one third is within protected natural areas.

Seed management
Approximately 20kg of white poplar (Populus alba) seeds gathered in our territory.

Seedling production
We manage three nurseries: deciduous tree species (black locust (Robinia pseudoakacia), white poplar, hybrid poplar and shrubs) are cultivated in the 10-hectare nursery at Bugac-Alsómonostor and conifer species are grown in the central nursery and the 2.1-hectare nursery in Tázlár.

Spatial distribution of tree species
(2016)
Tree species Distribution
Scots and Austrian pine (Pinus sylvestris and nigra) 52%
Native poplar (Populus alba and nigra) 25%
Black locust 18%
Native poplar with common juniper (Juniperus comunis) 3%
English oak (Quercus robur) 1%
Hybrid poplar 1%

 

Number of annually produced seedlings
Tree species  
Austrian pine 700 000
Black locust 450 000
White poplar 350 000
Scots pine 200 000
Hybrid poplar 25 000
Shrubs 25 000
Total 1 750 000




 

 
Silviculture
Taking into account native species and nature conservation, our final harvest forests are regenerated with an increasing percentage (47%) of native poplar target stands and (46%) conifers. Meanwhile, black locust and hybrid poplar stands have been somewhat reduced. Natural regeneration (under 30%) occurs by sprouting and artificial reforestation is carried out after complete soil preparation. When carrying out artificial reforestation in protected natural areas, more environmentally-friendly methods have been applied jointly by our company and the Kiskunság National Park Directorate.

Tree utilization
Our average final annual harvest area is around 320-350 hectares, while we also carry out thinning on some 125 hectares, and 350 hectares are cleaned. Annual fellings come to about 60-70 thousand cubic meters. 30-35 percent of the lumber is log and short sawlog and 65-70 percent is assorted stacked wood (pulpwood, roundwood for boards, firewood) and other industrial wood (pole, column, vine pole). Logs are partly utilized or sold by the pallet factory “ÖKOPAL”, while short sawlogs are processed in our own sawmill. Pulpwood and riddle are exported or sold to our contract partners within Hungary and most of the firewood and other industrial wood is purchased by local residents.

Wood processing
The sawmill and pallet factory of our company annually produce
14 500m3 of edged boards (mainly pallet elements) from 28 000m3 of logs. The capacity of the nailing factory is 280 000 pallets, most of which are EUR pallets.

Game management
The hunting area of Bugac Forestry Management Unit is 8 394 ha.
The fallow deer population is significant, with excellent trophy quality individuals in large game areas. The roe population is also significant, but of middle trophy quality. The wild boar population and the continuously increasing number of re